Defending is about getting the ball back in possession as quickly as possible and preventing the opponent from scoring. Defenders must also be able to work well together to put as much pressure on the opponent as possible
You can cover an opponent or part of the field.
In case of man coverage, each player has to closely guard his own opponent. Defenders always try to stay between their opponent and the basket.
When defenders cover the man with the ball, they try to obstruct him and block a pass or shot. Defenders must be aware of turning away opponents and fakes. When covering players who don’t have the ball, they should keep an eye on where the ball is and anticipate their opponent’s movements.
Defenders must keep an eye on the game during decks. A teammate may lose an opponent who runs to the basket. Then you have to decide whether you want a ‘trade-off’, where you go after the free attacker while your team-mate takes over your man’s cover.
Keeping an eye out also has the advantage that you can intercept a weak or ill-directed pass.
ERRORS AND FREE THROWS
In basketball, the referee will point out the errors and note which player is committing them, which can lead to a free throw for the other team. In the case of a free throw, you may shoot from the front into the basket unhindered. If the shot hits, it counts for a point.
If an umpire detects an error, he also indicates
which player committed it. That player must raise his hand so that the score counter can see it. Whoever reaches the maximum number of errors during a match (5 in FIBA, 6 in NBA) will be expelled. Contrary to other sports, it does not mean that his team has one player less. A substitute player may be used.
In a free throw, a player stands behind the free throw line straight in front of the basket and may shoot unhindered. After a personal mistake, the victim must take the free throw. In case of a technical error, it doesn’t matter who does it. Defenders and attackers stand at fixed places around the bucket. After the last free throw they can catch the ball in case of a failed shot.
When the player’s with you,
last free throw releases the ball, the other players may step across the line hoping for a rebound. Here the ball bounces to the left while attackers (black) and defenders (white) compete for the ball.